Planting Guide

Plant-by-Plant Guide

You've got some seeds from our Seed Library to get your garden started - now what? It's time to get planting!

Follow the guidelines below to get that garden growing with specific instructions for some of the more common types of seed we offer.*

* Subject to availability

Beans

Method Direct sow in the late spring to mid-summer.
Growing Conditions Soil that drains well.  Find a sunny spot for beans.
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1 inch
Plant Spacing 3-5 inches
Row Spacing 12-24 inches
Other Be prepared to stake climbing varieties of beans - these will grow like vines and need something to cling to.
BPL's Top Picks

Beets

Method Direct sow in the spring.
Growing Conditions Soil that drains well.  Find a sunny spot for beets.
Days to Sprout 10-12
Seed Depth 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing Once beets come up, you’ll need to thin them so that there is one plant every three inches.
Row Spacing 12 inches
BPL's Top Picks

Carrot

Method Direct sow in the spring.
Growing Conditions While carrots may tolerate less than ideal conditions, aim for well drained soil – free from rocks so your carrots don’t grow curvy – and an area that gets as much sun as possible.
Days to Sprout 14-21
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 2 inches
Row Spacing 12 inches
Other Try succession planting your carrots so that you can harvest a bunch each week later on in the season.
BPL's Top Picks

 

Cucumber

Method Start cucumbers indoors 2-4 weeks before the last frost or direct sow them two weeks after last frost.
Growing Conditions Cucumbers will tolerate less than ideal conditions, but aim for well drained, fertile soil and an area that gets as much sun as possible.
Days to Sprout 5-7
Seed Depth 1 inch
Plant Spacing 18 inches
Row Spacing 18-36 inches
Other Some plants do very well when planted next to my cucumbers – possibly because the cuc vines provide a lot of shade, keeping the roots of neighbouring plants cooler.
BPL's Top Picks

Kale

Method Sow kale directly in garden once the last frost date has passed.
Growing Conditions Kale can tolerate a fair bit of cold and some even say it tastes better if the leaves have gone through a fall frost. Plant kale in a sunny or partly shady part of your garden.
Days to Sprout 5-8
Seed Depth 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing 16 inches
Row Spacing 36 inches
Other Cover your kale to protect your plants from insects. Kale freezes well, so extra leaves can be harvested and frozen for winter smoothies!
BPL's Top Picks

Lettuce

Method Sow lettuce directly in garden once the last frost date has passed.
Growing Conditions Plant your lettuce in a sunny or partly shady location.
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing 12 inches
Row Spacing 24 inches
Other Try succession planting for a constant harvest of fresh leaves.
BPL's Top Picks

Parsley

Method Start indoors at least 8-10 weeks before the last frost. Parsley can get off to a slow start – be patient!
Growing Conditions Parsley thrives in a sunny location.
Days to Sprout 21
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 6 inches
Row Spacing 12 inches
BPL's Top Picks

Peas

Method Sow directly into the soil in the spring.
Growing Conditions Soil that drains well. Find a sunny spot for peas.
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1 inch
Plant Spacing 3 inches
Row Spacing 12 inches
Other Peas are climbers – they will need some kind of support as they grow. Peas tolerate lower temperatures well, so in Barrie in early August, it’s not too late to plant a few last peas.
BPL's Top Picks

Peppers

Method Start peppers inside 8-10 weeks before the last frost.
Growing Conditions Peppers need a lot of sun and fertile soil.
Days to Sprout 7-21
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing 18-24 inches
Row Spacing 24 inches
Other Don’t transplant peppers outside until the soil has warmed up – often, in Barrie, this isn’t until early June.
BPL's Top Picks

Radishes

Method Direct sow radishes in the early spring or late summer.
Growing Conditions Plant radishes in a sunny place.
Days to Sprout 5-7
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 4 inches
Row Spacing 12-18 inches
Other Some say smaller radishes are sweeter, and radishes left in the ground too long become a bit bitter.
BPL's Top Picks

Rutabaga

Method Sow directly in your garden in early to mid summer.
Growing Conditions Plant in a sunny location.
Days to Sprout 4-7
Seed Depth 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 8 inches
Row Spacing 14-18 inches
Other Like Kale, rutabaga can be left in the garden when the occasional frost hits in the fall – this is said to improve the flavour.
BPL's Top Picks

Spinach

Method Sow directly in your garden during the spring.
Growing Conditions Spinach will grow in full sun or part shade.
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 3 inches
Row Spacing 12-18 inches
Other When the weather heats up, you’ll notice your spinach doesn’t do as well; spinach thrives when it’s cooler.
BPL's Top Picks

Squash

Method Start indoors 2-4 weeks before last frost or plant directly in the garden once the last frost date has passed.
Growing Conditions Plant in a sunny spot. Squash plants spread out – make sure you give them space!
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1 inch
Plant Spacing 24 inches
Row Spacing 36-48 inches
BPL's Top Picks

Swiss Chard

Method Sow Swiss chard directly in the garden once the last frost date has passed
Growing Conditions Plant in a sunny spot.
Days to Sprout 7-14
Seed Depth 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing Thin to 6-8 inches
Row Spacing 18 inches
BPL's Top Picks

Tomatoes

Method Start your tomatoes inside 6-8 weeks before last frost. Resist the urge to begin earlier as this will lead to leggy plants prone to snapping and breaking.
Growing Conditions Tomatoes are a heavy feeder – amend your soil with compost or manure, or fertilize plants once a week. Make sure your tomatoes are planted in a location that gets lots of sun, with well drained soil.
Days to Sprout 5-10
Seed Depth 1/4 inch
Plant Spacing 24-36 inches
Row Spacing 36 inches
Average Days to Harvest 50-80 or more
Other Protect young tomato plants by placing inverted yogurt cups around the stems. Learn to “sucker” your plants to prevent unwanted growth that drains energy that should go into growing fruit. If you find it hard to grow full-sized tomatoes, try a variety of cherry tomato!